What is Bone Marrow?
Bone Marrow is the soft, spongy tissue found in the body's hollow bones, such as legs, arms and hips. Bone Marrow is the body's 'Factory' for producing platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells, the primary agents of the body's immune system. Bone marrow is rich in stem cells from which all these blood cells originate.
Healthy people have a reserve of bone marrow which is constantly being renewed but patients with some blood disorders don’t have these reserves. Sometimes the only treatment is a transplant of healthy bone marrow or stem cells from a well matched donor.
Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplant is the process of replacing diseased or damaged bone marrow with healthy stem cells. The original bone marrow is eradicated using high dose chemotherapy or radiation. If the transplant is successful the transplanted stem cells start to produce new, healthy blood cells.